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Meditation or Dhyana is a means to isolate the mind from external and worldly distractions and become open to spiritual awakening. It is a way to relieve stress, relax the mind and find new ways to explore the powers of the mind. Meditation help us become more aware of how to make choices that lead to outcomes that are more supportive of wellbeing and happiness. There's scientific evidence showing how meditation works. In people who are meditating, brain scans called MRI have shown an increase in activity in areas that control metabolism and heart rate. Other studies on Buddhist monks have shown that meditation produces long-lasting changes in the brain activity in areas involved in attention, working memory, learning, and conscious perception.
Many Hindu mythological texts such as Bhagavath Gita, Upanishads and Mahabharatha have mentions of meditation. It is one among the eight limbs of Raja Yoga and is a state of deep concentration wherein the person becomes one with the object of meditation.
There are three stages of meditation namely Dharana, Dhyana and Samadhi. The first stage Dharana (Concentration) is the state of isolating the mind from all worldly distractions and emotions and concentrating on a particular object. At this stage the person will not be aware that they are meditating, but he will only have awareness of the object of meditation and nothing else.
The next stage Dhyana or deep meditation is reached naturally and is the state of full concentration on the object. The third stage, Samadhi is the highest level of meditation and supreme state of consciousness. Then the person is said to have attained Nirvana or liberation.
In daily life, meditation can be of great help. Spending some time meditating can help clear the mind of stress, worry and distractions and give it the power to focus and concentrate. Through this exercise one can relax and strengthen the mind to handle stress better and even keep off stress-related problems and disorders.
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