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Festivals of October
 
Andhra Pradesh
Diwali
Andhra Pardesh is one of the oldest state of India and was created by combining the old princely state of Hyderabad with the Telgu-speaking portions of the former state of Madras. Andhra Pradesh has traditional way of celebrating Diwali that is organized and celebrated throughout the state. The festival of light is celebrated in Andhra Pradesh together with other places of the country. It is a festival that revolves around Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth. During the festival the whole country explodes into color and noise.
 
Rayalaseema Food and Dance Festival
The Rayalaseema food and dance Festival is held in the state of Andhra Pradesh every year in the month of October. It is one of the biggest and most widely celebrated cultural festivals of Andhra Pradesh.As the name suggests the main aim of the festival is to honor and celebrate the flourishing and exquisite art and cuisine of Rayalaseema area of Tirupati in the Chitoor District of Andhra Pradesh.
 
Bihar
Durga Puja
Durga Puja is an annual festival celebrated in India and the greatest festival of Bengal. It is celebrated during the month of Ashwin of the Hindu calendar which comes on during the month of late September or mid-October.Following the Hindu Solar calendar Durga Puja schedule falls on the first 9days of the month of Ashwin. The days of Puja are calculated on the basis of sun rise and sun set.
 
Rajgir
Rajgir, the ancient capital of the Magadhan empire in Bihar is held sacred by both Buddhists and Jains for its association with the Buddha and Mahavir. Department of Tourism, Bihar holds a colourful festival of dance and music, Rajgir Mahotsav or Dance Festival every year in Rajgir. Be it instrumental music, devotional songs, opera, folk dance, ballet or the many schools of classical dance and music, geniuses in their own realms of accomplishments, create an almost ethereal atmosphere. This festival held during last week of October attracts tourists in large numbers.
 
Goa
Dusshera
Dussehra falling on the last day of Navaratri or Durga puja arrives in the month of October. Dussehra literally means that which takes away ten sins. This Hindu festival is celebrated all over India to mark the defeat of Ravana by Lord Rama. Dussehra symbolises the triumph of good over evil. The 'Ramlila' - an enactment of the life of Lord Rama, is held during the nine days preceding Dussehra. On the tenth day, larger than life effigies of Ravana, his son and brother -Meghnath and Kumbhakarna, are set alight.
 
Gujarat
Navratras
Navaratri or Navaratra is a Hindu festival of worship and dance. The word Navaratri literally means nine nights in Sanskrit Nav = nine and Ratri = nights. It is celebrated during the period of Sarad Masi Aswin by Hindu lunar calendar, all eight days and nine nights have its importance and is divided into sets of three days to adore three different aspects of the supreme goddess or goddesses.
 
Dussehra
Dussehra falling on the last day of Navaratri or Durga puja arrives in the month of October. Dussehra literally means that which takes away ten sins. This Hindu festival is celebrated all over India to mark the defeat of Ravana by Lord Rama. Dussehra symbolises the triumph of good over evil. The 'Ramlila' - an enactment of the life of Lord Rama, is held during the nine days preceding Dussehra. On the tenth day, larger than life effigies of Ravana, his son and brother -Meghnath and Kumbhakarna, are set alight.
 
Lili Parikrama Fair
Lili Parikrama (Green Pradakshina or circumambulation) around Mount Girnar in Junagadh district starts from the temple of Bhavnath and also ends there, under the belief that all the 33 crore gods live in Girnar. The fair is organized by local people, sadhus, police and forest department officials. The pilgrimage on foot, formerly 12 miles which is now curtailed to 6 miles since 150 years ago, takes 4 days.
 
Haryana
Dussehra
Dussehra falling on the last day of Navaratri or Durga puja arrives in the month of October. Dussehra literally means that which takes away ten sins. This Hindu festival is celebrated all over India to mark the defeat of Ravana by Lord Rama. Dussehra symbolises the triumph of good over evil. The 'Ramlila' - an enactment of the life of Lord Rama, is held during the nine days preceding Dussehra. On the tenth day, larger than life effigies of Ravana, his son and brother -Meghnath and Kumbhakarna, are set alight.
 
Navratras
Navaratri or Navaratra is a Hindu festival of worship and dance. The word Navaratri literally means nine nights in Sanskrit Nav = nine and Ratri = nights. It is celebrated during the period of Sarad Masi Aswin by Hindu lunar calendar, all eight days and nine nights have its importance and is divided into sets of three days to adore three different aspects of the supreme goddess or goddesses.
 
Bathing at Sohna
Sohna is famous for its hot springs, which have medicinal qualities, several thousand people assemble at Sohna on Somwati Amawas to bathe in sulphur springs. The crowd would be small if the festival happens to fall during harvest-time.
 
Pinjore Heritage Festival
The Pinjore Heritage Festival is held every year at Pinjore Haryana. The Fair is an opportunity developed by the government to showcase and highlight the town of Pinjore with its rich heritage, gardens and potential of great tourism. Pinjore is an ancient town developed in Vedic times and is extremely famous for its exotic gardens and tourist attraction.
 
Himachal Pradesh
Kullu Dusserhra
One of the most important and colorful festivals celebrated at the 'Valley of Living Gods' - Kullu is its Dussehra. When the Ram Lilas come to an end with the burning of effigies of Ravana, Meghantha and Kumbhkarna; in all the other parts of the country, the joyous celebrations at Kullu get kicked off devoid of this burning ritual.
 
Karva Chauth
Karwa Chauth is a festival that provides an opportunity for all married women to get close to their in-laws. All married women observes fast that ensures the well-being, prosperity and longevity of their husbands. This Hindu festival has a cultural and social significance and all Indians celebrate this festival with great enthusiasm.
 
Sairi
The first day of the month of Ashwin is celebrated as the festival of Sairi. This is a winter festival which comes when the maize crop is ready for harvesting. The nomadic Goddess of Bharmor (Gadderan) celebrate this prior to migrating downwards into the valleys of Chamba, Bhatiyat, Kangra and Mandi for the winters. They treat it as a festival of farewells. At night they get drunk and dance and sing.
 
Jammu and Kasmir
Navratras
Navaratri or Navaratra is a Hindu festival of worship and dance. The word Navaratri literally means nine nights in Sanskrit Nav = nine and Ratri = nights. It is celebrated during the period of Sarad Masi Aswin by Hindu lunar calendar, all eight days and nine nights have its importance and is divided into sets of three days to adore three different aspects of the supreme goddess or goddesses.
 
Jharkhand
Chatra Mela
This mela is said to have started from 1882 and is principally a cattle fair held during Durga Puja.
 
Kundri Mela
Kundri Mela held in Jharkhand is one of the very popular cattle fairs in the state. As a state, fairs and festivals are not new to Jharkhand. There are numerous fairs and festivals celebrated in Jharkhand throughout the year in nearly every season.
 
Karnataka
Dussehra
Dussehra falling on the last day of Navaratri or Durga puja arrives in the month of October. Dussehra literally means that which takes away ten sins. This Hindu festival is celebrated all over India to mark the defeat of Ravana by Lord Rama. Dussehra symbolises the triumph of good over evil. The 'Ramlila' - an enactment of the life of Lord Rama, is held during the nine days preceding Dussehra. On the tenth day, larger than life effigies of Ravana, his son and brother -Meghnath and Kumbhakarna, are set alight.
 
Sri Vithappa Fair
The fair is organized with high festive spirits as the celebrations are marked by the grand procession with devotees carrying the holy deity in a palanquin. 60 parties of drummers from different parts of Karnataka also accompany the holy procession.There is also trend of offering the sacrificed sheep before the deity which is later sold by the priest or pujari and the amount gained is credited to the temple funds.There are many religious beliefs associated with the Sri Vithappa fair like turning of milk (brought for offering) into curd before offering to god is considered a good omen.
 
Godachi Fair
The Godachi fair is held at Godachi village in Ramdurg Taluk of Karnataka. It is held in the month of Kartik This fair is held in the honour of Shri Veerabhadra and it is organized by the government of Karnataka.Organized by the government of Karnataka, this fair takes place at the Godachi village in Ramdurg Taluk of Karnataka. Held in the month of Kartik, this fair comes to honor the local god Sri Veerabhadra who is much revered by the natives of this village.
 
Shri Yellamma Devi Fair
Shri Yellamma Devi fair is held at Saundatti. It is held for about 5 times between October and February. But the Margasira is the biggest one, which is held on the full moon day.
 
Dasara Fair
Dasara is also called navarathri in different parts of India, nine days of worship and festivity ends on the tenth day “Vijaydashmi”. In Mysore, the festival is popularly known as Dasara Fair or Mysore Dassara and has been declared as ‘Naada Habba’ or the State festival of karnatka.The festival is mainly celebrated to mark the victory of Good over evil as Mysore was the residential place of the demon Mahisasura, who was killed by the Goddess Chamundeshwari (Chamundi) on vijaydashmi. Therefore the festival is celebrated every year with high festive spirits in honor of Goddess Chamundi.
 
Kerala
Neelamperoor Pooram
Neelemperoor Pooram Padayani is held at the precincts of the beautiful temple of Goddess Bhagavathy at Neelemperoor near Kottayam. Padayani is a symbolic victory march of Goddess Kaali after vanquishing Darika.During the pooram festival, decorated motifs of Swans;both large and small, form part of the Kettukazcha the symbolic offering made to the Goddess. These are then carried in a procession, on the main day of the festival in which bigger ones are moved on platforms with wooden wheels and smaller ones carried on the shoulders of devotees. A unique aspect of the motif decoration here at Neelemperoor is the sourcing of different colours. The required colours are taken from the surroundings, in the form of leaves, flower petals, parts of the coconut tree and other local plant varieties.
 
Koratty Muthy
Koratty Muthy's (St Mary's) Forane church at Koratty is one of the most important Marian Pilgrim Centre in India after Velankanni. The Church is located in a beautiful, scenaric village of Koratty (Named after the church) in Thrissur district. The Annual Grand Feast organized at the Koratty Muthy’s church is a very significant and mega event to miss. The Festival is celebrated with great number of rituals and is a rich and spectacular ceremony attended by thousands of pilgrims from all over the world.
 
Madhya Pradesh
Diwali
Diwali is also referred to as Deepawali which means an Array of Lamps. Diwali is one of the most important festivals celebrated in India. Diwali in Madhya Pradesh is celebrated with great excitement and enthusiasm on the third day of Diwali. The day is devoted to the goddess of Wealth, Lakshmi. This Diwali day falls on the amavasya or the no moon day. Diwali date comes 20 days after the popular festival of Dussehra or Vijaya Dashmi.
 
Navratri Festival, Ujjain
Ujjain and its temples come alive during the festival season of Navratri (Dusshera) that usually falls in the month of September or October. Another famous festival of Ujjain in central India is the Kumbh Mela that is held once every 12 years. Millions then flock to Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh to take a dip in the holy waters of Shipra River.
 
Dussehra/Vijay Dashmi
Dussehra/Vijay Dashmi in Madhya Pradesh is the first big festival in the festival calendar of North India, and one of the most important Fairs and Festivals in Madhya Pradesh. This festival falls on the 10th day of the waning moon during the Hindu month of Ashvin (around September-October). A fascinating collection of mythological legends and folklore are embroidered around Dussehra. It is believed that on this day, Rama, the hero of the great Hindu epic, Ramayana, killed the unrighteous demon Ravana, the 10-headed king of Lanka who had abducted Rama’s wife, Sita.
 
Maharashtra
Dusshrea
Dusshera is the day when devotees worship weapons and in some regions it is customary to exchange Apta leaves. Preceding Dusshera, the Ram Lila is enacted which depicts scenes from the life of Lord Rama. On the tenth day effigies of Ravana, Meghnadh and Kumbhakarna are set on fire.Devotees decorate their houses with flowers and colored strings. In West Bengal, beautiful idols of Goddess Durga and pandals are decorated.
 
Thimithi
Thimithi is the name of the annual Hindu fire walking ceremony which is a form of penance or thanksgiving in honour of the goddess Draupadi, heroine of the epic poem, the Mahabharata. Legend has it that she had to prove her innocence and fidelity by walking barefoot over hot coals.rowds pack the Sri Mariamman Temple on South Bridge road, to watch the barefoot Hindu devotees walk across a pit of red-hot embers without showing any signs of pain. Festival celebrations begin at 2am and the fire walking takes place at 5pm.
 
Meghalaya
Nongkrem Dance
Nongkrem Dance is a religious festival in thanksgiving to God Almighty for good harvest, peace and prosperity of the community. It is held annually during October/ November, at Smit, the capital of the Khyrim Syiemship near Shillong.
 
Autumn Festival
Shillong the capital of Meghalaya becomes vibrant and comes alive during the months of October November specifically because of the Autumn Festival held here during this time. It is a cultural extravaganza organized by the government of Meghalaya along with other organizations. The event is a means of entertainment and frolic for the inhabitants of Shillong.Apart from the localites of the area, tourists and visitors from all over India gather here during the Autumn Festival in October November to celebrate the festive spirit of the state of Meghalaya.
 
Autumn Flower show
Meghalaya one of the most important states of north east India is famous for its natural beauty and serene atmosphere. Flowers are one of the most attractive gifts of nature and holds special place in the hearts of all people. The Autumn Flower show held in Meghalaya is one of its kinds in India. The variety and range of flowers found in the state of Meghalaya is the most exquisite.
 
Pomblang Lewduh
Pomblang Lewduh is an extremely popular Festival celebrated in the state of Meghalaya. The festival is celebrated in the month of October every year. It is a three day festival full of life and energy. Many activities and events are organized throughout the three days of Festival.The festival is organized in the Smith Area, which is a village also called the “Traditional House of the Queen”.Many tribal dances including the Khasi Dance are performed by the local people of the village.
 
Nongkrem Dance Festival
Nongkrem Dance is a religious festival in thanksgiving to God Almighty for good harvest, peace and prosperity of the community. It is held annually during October/ November, at Smit, the capital of the Khyrim Syiemship near Shillong.The dance is performed in the open by young virgins and men, both bachelors and married. The women dressed in expensive silk costumes with heavy gold, silver and coral ornaments dance in the inner circle of the arena. The men form an outer circle and dance to the accompaniment of music of flutes and drums
 
Nagaland
Yemshe Festival
October is the month of festivity for the Pochury tribe of Nagaland, who anxiously awaits every year to celebrate their greatest festival Yemshe. The arrival of the new harvest is celebrated with full fun & fair is during Yemshe festival. All the Pouchuries, young and old, rich and poor ceremonialize this festival with great pomp and show expecting a good harvest which they deserve after a year’s hard work under stewing sun and relentless rain. No one is allowed to harvest, until the whole festival is over.
 
Tsokum Festival
Tsokum festival is celebrated in the month of October every year in Nagaland. The festival is mainly celebrated by the Khiamgans tribe with great fun and gaiety. This is the pre harvesting festival. People harvest their crops after thanking God for good crops during Tsokum Festival.The seven day long festival is celebrated during the first week of October. The festival is marked by thanking God for being blessed with good crops and wellness in the family. People worship Almighty and pray for the happiness and prosperity of the family.
 
Orissa
Dusshera
In Cuttack, the celebration of Durga Puja (Dussehra) is particularly vibrant with the images of the Goddess being dressed most exquisitely and finally being carried in a colourful procession for immersion in the river.
 
Punjab
Birthday of Guru Ram Das
Yogi Bhajan gave us a special sadhana in honor of the birth of Guru Ram Das. This sadhana is a 2½ hour recitation of the complete Shabad (sacred song) of "Dhan Dhan Ram Das Guru." We practice this Shabad to ignite the power of our prayer. As Yogi Bhajan said, "Any move you make, you must pray because that ignites the power. Ignite the power and then go. Let God take care of it." Guru Ram Das is the Lord of Miracles and so on this day pray for your miracle!
 
Rajasthan
Marwar Festival
It is a festival devoted to the music and dance of Marwar region. The festival was originally known as Maand Festival. Held for two days on full moon - sharad purnima, folk artists bring to life the myths, legend and folklore of the area.The festival is celebrated in the Hindu month of Ashwin (Sept-Oct) in Jodhpur, the former capital of Marwar Province. The festival has on display the music and dance of the Marwar region. The spirited folk dancers assembled here, perform with gusto and entertain the audience with Rajasthani folklore.
 
Karva Chauth
On the eve of Karva Chauth, the markets are full of women preparing for it. Henna stalls are set up all over the market. Bindi's, glass bangles and all the various types of cosmetics are sold everywhere. Mother-in-laws, on this day, gift various types of sweets, and dresses to their daughter-in-laws (called 'sargi' in Punjabi). Married women, old and young, begin their fast on the day of Karva Chauth well before sunrise (around 4 a.m.), such fasts are kept for the well-being of her husband, who becomes her protector after she leaves her parents home. Her husband provides her with food, shelter, clothing, respectability, comfort and happiness. This is indeed a very tough fast to observe as it starts before sunrise and ends after worshipping the moon, which usually rises at about 8.45 p.m. No food or water is to be taken after 4 a.m. or after sunrise.
 
Kota dussera
Dussehra is the beloved festival that is celebrated almost all over India but Dussehra in Kota certainly sets it apart with 75 feet tall effigies of the demons Ravana, Kumbhakarana and Meghnath that are burnt here on Dussehra day. Villagers dress themselves in colorful dresses and offer prayers to Lord Rama. There is a dazzling procession that mesmerizes the onlookers that come here from the surrounding villages and provide a ripe opportunity for the traders to display their wares. Cultural Programmes are organized and one can see the scintillating performances by the prominent artistes who come here from all over the country.
 
Sitabari fair
Sitabari is a small place near Kelwara village in the Sahabad tehsil of Kota district and the fair is held from Baisakh Sudi Punam to Jeth Budi Amavasya. Sitabari is situated in a picturesque forest. According to legend, it marks the spot where Sita was left by Lakshman at the behest of Rama. There are four tanks filled by natural springs. The water is said to cure people of various ailments, particularly mental diseases. The water in these Kunda is cold in summer and warm in winter and the kunds never go dry. The Sitabari fair attracts thousands people who take a bath in the Sita Kund, the Laxman Kund and the Suraj Kund-which are regarded as holy as the Ganges.
 
Chandrabhaga Fair
Chandrabhaga Fair is held every year in Jhalarapatan 6 kms from Jhalawar in Rajasthan in the month of Kartik (October-November). River Chandrabhaga is considered holy by the people in Rajasthan and so on full moon day in the month of Kartik thousands of devotees take a holy dip in this river.
 
Sikkim
Dusshera
Hindus throughout India celebrate Dussehra Festival, although by different names. Also known as Vijaya Dashmi ('Vijay' meaning 'victory' and 'Dashmi meaning 'tenth day'), Dussehra festival has a number of legends associated with it. It is believed that it was on this day that Lord Rama killed the demon king Ravana and took over his empire, Lanka. In the Bengal area, Dussehra is believed to be on that day when Goddess Durga annihilated the evil demon Mahisasura. In essence, the festival of Dushehra signifies the conquest of good over evil.
 
Durga Puja
Durga Puja is an important Hindu Festival celebrated all over India with different rituals and festivities especially in eastern India. It is celebrated in the month of September/October every year.Durga Puja is one of the most important festivals in India. Durga Puja is more than a festival. It is a celebration of life, culture, popular customs and traditions. It is a time of reunion and rejuvenation to love, to share and to care.Durga Puja is an important Hindu Festival celebrated all over India with different rituals and festivities especially in eastern India. It is celebrated in the month of September/October every year.
 
Tamil Nadu
Deepavali
In Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and parts of Andhra Pradesh, Deepavali is celebrated to commemorate the killing of the demon Narakasura by Lord Krishna. In Kerala, Deepavali is a low-key affair and is believed to be the day Lord Ram returned from exile. In Karnataka, the day after Deepavali is observed as Bali Paadyami to mark the day of King Bali's return to his subject once a year.There may be difference in date and reason for Deepavali but the central theme – good wins over evil, remains the same.
 
Cape Festival
Celebrated with great pomp and show, Cape festival is one of the most important festivals of Tamil Nadu. This festival is celebrated in Kanyakumari, which is an amazing tourist destination. The three sides of this heavenly place are surrounded by the Indian Ocean, the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. During the Cape Festival, Hindus bathe at the confluence of the three oceans, as it is considered sacred. The festival is celebrated over a period of three days, marked by wonderful cultural programmes. The Cape Festival is celebrated during the month of October.
 
Uttar Pradesh
Durga Puja
Durga Puja, the ten-day long festival, is celebrated with great enthusiasm and devotion. Apart from feasting, people indulge in fasting with sincerity, in order to show their dedication to the festival and their devotion to Goddess Durga. It is believed that fasting strengthens one's capacity of tolerance. Fasting doesn't mean that one has to starve all through the day. When people are fasting, they follow a diet that is formulated in such a way that they get enough energy to stay focused on the celebrations, without exhausting. If you want to know how people fast during Durga Pooja and the significance of fasting, then go through the following lines.
 
Ayudha Puja
Ayudha Puja is a regional festival in Uttar Pradesh. People makes offering in the temple of Ram and Sita during this occasion. According to mythology Ayudha is the birthplace of Lord Rama. Mythology states that Ram was exiled by his father in the jungle and in the process he lost his birthright to be the King. The significance of the Puja lies in the triumph of good over evil which also has a vast social bearing on the people of Uttar Pradesh.
 
Bateshwar Fair
The place is named after the presiding deity of the region, Bateshwar Mahadeo and has 108 temples dedicated to the gods and goddesses of the Hindu pantheon. During the months of Oct. & Nov. a large fair is organized from Shashthi of Kartik month to Panchami of Agrahayan month. Devotees congregate here in large numbers to worship Lord Shiva and take holy dips in river Yamuna. A livestock fair is also organized and owners and buyers conduct serious business combined with the gaiety of a market place.
 
Rambarat
Ramleela is well known for the admirable performances put up in the evenings by the local artistes. For ten days, plays based on the great Indian Epic Ramayana are enacted. Rambarat Festival takes place on one of these days. Rambarat or the Wedding procession of Lord Rama is taken out on the occasion of this festival.The legendary heroine Sita was the daughter of Raja Janak. The kingdom over which he ruled was rightfully referred to as Janakpuri. Every year, a particular spot in the city of Agra is selected. It is designated as the new Janakpuri. The devotees then take the initiative and decorate this place beautifully. The royal wedding of their Lord Rama with Sita will be taking place here and so the adornments are very impressive. It is attractively ornamented with flowers and wreath.
 
Dadri Cattle Fair
Dadri Mela is one of the prominent cattle fair of Uttar Pradesh. The fair is organized every year in the month of October or November, on the day of kartik Purnima at Dadri, 5 kms from the famous Balia town in Uttar Pradesh. The fair is observed for two weeks and attracts visitors from far long areas for the cattle trade. In 2009, the Dadri fair is in the month of November on the day of Kartik purnima.
 
West Bengal
Durga Puja
Durga Puja, the most happening festival of the Bengalis can be sensed with its spurt of fanfare on all the four days of the festival. This autumnal festival recalls the power of female Shakti symbolized by the Goddess Durga who slays asura to reestablish peace and sanctity on earth again.Bengalis all over the world during these days of Durga Puja rejoice to their heart's content reconnecting with friends and relatives. Durga Puja is an occasion when the familiar sound of Dhak, Dhunuchi nachh,the mild fragrance of Shiuli, gives a familiar tug to every Bengali heart.
 
Dushera
In the eastern state of West Bengal, Vijayadashmi is celebrated as the victory of Goddess Durga over Mahishasura, the demon who ruled the swarglok and the earth with his invincible power. It is the last day of the ten-day festival - Durga Puja. On Vijayadashmi, the idol of Ma Durga is immersed in the nearby river or lake ceremoniously, by the devotees. This is called visarjan (submersion of diety). The idol is preceded by a huge procession of devotees. In Orissa, the festival is called Vijoya Dashami. The day is considered the last day of the Sharodiya Durga Puja. After offering the last ritual (Aparajita Puja) to the Goddess, a tearful farewell is bid to her. The immersion of diety is known as 'Bisarjan Jatra'. After immersing the idol, people in Orissa celebrate 'Ravan Podi', wherein the effigies of demon Ravana are burnt.
 
 
 
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