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Home > Explore by Theme > Eco Tourism > Global Ecotourism
 
 
 
 
  Explore by Theme >>> Eco Tourism
 
Global Ecotourism :
Ecotourism: “Responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the welfare of local people”
   
Size of Global Ecotourism:

Beginning in 1990s, ecotourism has been growing 20% - 34% per year.

In 2004, ecotourism/nature tourism was growing globally 3 times faster than the tourism industry as a
whole
Nature tourism is growing at 10%-12% per annum in the international market.
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and Conservation International have indicated that most
of tourism’s expansion is occurring in and around the world’s remaining natural areas.
Sustainable tourism could grow to 25% of the world’s travel market within six years, taking the value of
the sector to £250 billion (US$473.6 billion) a year.
Analysts predict a growth in eco-resorts and hotels, and a boom in nature tourism — a sector already
growing at 20% a year — and suggest early converts to sustainable tourism will make market gains.
   
Tourism Overview:
Size of Global Tourism:
As the largest business sector in the world economyi, the Travel & Tourism industry is responsible for over
230 million jobs and over 10% of the gross domestic product worldwide.
In 2006, Travel & Tourism (consumption, investment, government spending and exports) is expected to
grow 4.6% and total US$6.5 trillion.
In over 150 countries (four out of five), tourism is one of five top export earners. In 60 countries, tourism
is the number one export.
If tourism were a country, it would have the 2nd largest economy, surpassed only by U.S.
 
Importance to Tourism in Developing Countries:
Tourism is a principle “export” (foreign exchange earner) for 83% of developing countries, and the leading
 
export for 1/3 of poorest countries.
For the world’s 40 poorest countries, tourism is the second most important source of foreign exchange,
 
after oil.
Over last decade, tourism has been “the only large sector of international trade in services where poor
  countries have consistently posted a surplus.”
International tourism in developing countries is increasing by 9.5% a year compared to 4.6% worldwide.
Tourism "appears to be one of the few economic sectors able to guide a number of developing countries
  to higher levels of prosperity and for some to leave behind their least-developed country status."
 
Negative Impacts of Tourism :
There are 109 countries with coral reefs. In 90 of them reefs are being damaged by cruise ship anchors
and sewage, by tourists breaking off chunks of coral, and by commercial harvesting for sale to tourists.
  Cruise ships in the Caribbean are estimated to produce more than 70,000 tons of waste each year.
An average 18-hole golf course soaks up at least 525,000 gallons of water a day - enough to supply the
  irrigation needs of 100 Malaysian farmers.
 
 
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