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Ecotourism, a term that is derived from "ecological tourism," refers to a type of tourism that is focused on environmentally, culturally, and sociologically sound tourism. Since the 1980s, global awareness has increased, leading to the development of ecotourism. The focus of ecotourism is enjoying what the planet has to offer, without humans having a negative impact on natural resources, cultures, or communities. Historically, tourism has been known to exploit not only various areas of the world, but also to promote decadent use (and often abuse) of natural resources, despite the obvious financial benefits to the tourist destinations.
Ecotourism is more than just tourism with a nature twist. It encompasses more global ideas, and focuses on the natural gifts that the world has to offer, as well as recycling, energy preservation, conservation, and economic opportunities for communities. The most popular ecotourism destinations are often considered to be exquisitely beautiful places, with interesting natural structures, a wide variety of indigenous flora and fauna, and cultural heritage that embraces the beauty and splendor of the area.
A focus of ecotourism is responsible travel. Typical ecotourists are not visiting the popular amusement parks or overcrowded resorts. Instead, ecotourism is the type of travel enjoyed by those in search of ways to better use and sustain our natural resources, for both environmental and cultural integrity.
Typology of Tourism:

Adventure tourism :-A form of nature-based tourism that incorporates an element of risk, higher levels

of physical exertion, and the need for specialized skill.

Ecotourism :-Responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the

welfare of local people.

Geotourism :-Tourism that sustains or enhances the geographical character of a place-its environment,

heritage, aesthetics, culture, and the well-being of its residents.
Mass tourism :-Large-scale tourism, typically associated with sea, sand, sun resorts and
characteristics such as transnational ownership, minimal direct economic benefit to destination communities, seasonality, and package tours.
Nature-based tourism :- Any form of tourism that relies primarily on the natural environment for its
attractions or settings.
Pro-poor tourism :- Tourism that results in increased net benefit for the poor people.
Responsible tourism :- Tourism that maximizes the benefits to local communities, minimizes negative
social or environmental impacts, and helps local people conserve fragile cultures, habitats, and species.
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