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  Climate and Weather in India
Seasons of India
Weather in India is divided into three distinct seasons - winter, summer, and the monsoon. Generally, the best time to visit India is during the winter, when the weather in most places is relatively cool and pleasant.
Summer Season (From March to May)

The temperature starts rising from February in India. By April, the northern plains of India experience daily temperatures exceeding 40° C while in the south temperature reaches around 35° C but humidity is more. In summer heat is so relentless and tiring in India. It is always extremely hot, sunny, and dry.


While the summer can be very uncomfortable in most parts of India, it’s the perfect time for visiting the mountains and hill stations. If you want to see wildlife and spotting tigers in their natural environment, the summer is also the best time to visit India's national parks as all the animals come out of the thickets in search for water in the extremely hot environment.


Monsoon Season (From June to October)

In India there are two types of monsoons - the southwest monsoon and the northeast monsoon. The southwest monsoon, which is the main monsoon, comes in from the sea and starts making its way up India’s west coast in early June. By mid July, most of the country is covered in rain. This gradually starts clearing from most places in northwest India by October.

The northeast monsoon affects India’s east coast during November and December. It’s a short but intense monsoon. The states of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala receive most of their rainfall from the northeast monsoon, while the rest of the country receives most of its rainfall from the southwest monsoon.

During the monsoon, India doesn't receive rain all the time, although it usually rains for a heavy period everyday, followed by pleasant sunshine. The rain brings some relief from the scorching heat. Conditions become very humid while the temperature still remains quite hot.
It is difficult to travel throughout most of India during monsoon time as the rain often disrupts transport services. However, it is the best time to visit Ladakh in the far north. This is one of the tourist destinations for monsoon travel in India.

Winter Season (From November to February)

Once the monsoons subside, average temperatures gradually fall across India. As the Sun's vertical rays move south of the equator, most of the country experiences moderately cool weather. December and January are the coldest months, with mean temperatures of 10–15 °C (50–59 °F) in Indian Himalayas. Mean temperatures are higher in the east and south, where they reach 20–25 °C (68–77 °F). In the south, it never gets cold.
The three Himalayan states Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand receives heavy snowfall in winter. In Jammu and Kashmir, blizzards occur regularly, disrupting travel and other activities. However, in the plains, temperatures occasionally fall below freezing, though never for more than one or two days. Frost sometimes occurs, but the hallmark of the season is the notorious fog, which frequently disrupts daily life. Fog grows thick enough to hinder visibility and disrupt air travel 15–20 days annually. The two Himalayan states in the east, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh, receive substantial snowfall.

In winter season it is the time to visit the beaches of India. India's far south is also best enjoyed in winter, with December to February being the only really good months to travel there. The rest of the time it is either uncomfortably hot and humid, or wet. It is also a good idea to travel to the desert state of Rajasthan during the winter, to avoid the high temperature in summer.

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