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Home > Explore by Theme > Buddhist Circuit > Buddhist Sites in Uttar Pradesh
 
 
 
 
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Buddhist Sites in Uttar Pradesh
  Kapilvastu
 
Today's Piprahwa 22 km from Siddharthnagar is identified with ancient Kapilvastu where Lord Buddha spent the early years of his life. Kapilvastu was the capital of the Shakya clan whose ruler was the father of Lord Buddha, and therefore Lord Buddha is also called as Shakyamuni. The Sakya domain was one of the sixteen independent principalities of the 6th century BC. Prince Gautam, as the Buddha was then known, left his palace in Kapilvastu at the age of 29, and revisited in 12 years later, after attaining enlightenment.
   
 
Today, Kapilvastu comprises of several villages, mainly piprahwa and Ganvaria. A large Stupa stands at the ancient site which is said to have housed the bone relics of Lord Buddha. The presence of these relics is testified by an ancient Brahmi inscription found at Piprahwa. The ruins of the royal palace are spread over a large area.
   
  Place of Interest
 
Stupa Complex: This is the main archaeological site which was discovered during excavations in 1973-74. The seals and inscriptions over the lid of the pot discovered read "Om Deoputra Vihare Kapilvastu Bhikschu Mahasanghasa" and "Om Deoputra Vihare Kapilvastu Bhikschu Sanghasa". The title Deoputra refers to Kanishka, a great patron of Buddhism who built the biggest Vihara at Kapilvastu and renovated the main stupa here.
   
 
Palace Site: Excavations carried out by Dr. K.M. Srivastava indicated the ruins of the palace of King Shuddhodhan, the father of Prince Gautam (Lord Buddha). It is said to be the place where Lord Buddha spent the first 29 years of his life.
   
  Accessibility
 
Air: Gorakhpur Airport-109 Km. Sravasti airstrip-146 Km. Kasia aristrip-160 Km. Amausi Airport, Lucknow-310 Km and Babatpur Airport, Varanasi-330 Km.
  Rail: Nearest Railway Station is Naugarh 22 km.
 
Road: Some of the major road distances are: Berdpur-8 Km, Sonauli-48 Km, Lumbini (Nepal)-86 Km, Gorakhpur-104 Km, Sravasti-147 Km, Kushinagar-157 Km, Lucknow-308 Km, Varanasi-327 Km.
   
  Accommodation
  • Sri Lankan Temple Dharamshala
• The Royal Retreat (Heritage Hotel) Mohana-Shohratgarh Route (14 km from Kapilvastu).
Phone: 05544-261219.
  UP Tourism Accommodation: Rahi Motel, UPSTDC Hotel Shakya. Phone: 05544-261489.
   
  Kushinagar
 
53 Km from Gorakhpur, Kushinagar, one of the principal centres of the Budhist piligrimage, is the place where Lord Buddha left his corporeal self and attained Maharparinivana. Kushinagar was previously known as Kushinagar, which was the capital of Malla dynasty. It was one of the famous sixteen Maharanapads of ancient India. The Chinese travelers Fa Hien and Hieun Tsang have also mentioned Kushinagar in their travelogues.
   
 
The monuments of Kushinagar are clustered in three distinct groups comprising the main site at the Nirvana Temple, the central Stupa and surrounding monasteries, the Mathakuar Kot to the south-west and the Ramabhar Stupa, a kilometer to the east.
   
  Place of Interest
 
Wattthai Temple: This is a huge temple complex built in the typical Thai Buddhist architectural style.
   
 
Nirvana Stupa: This huge brickwork stupa, exposed by Carlyl in 1876, stands at a height of 2.74 mtr. A copper vessel was unearthed at this site. It bore an inscription in ancient Brahmi, which stated that Lord Buddha's remains had been deposited here.
   
 
Mahaparinirvana Temple: This houses a 6.10 meter long statue of the reclining Buddha. The image was unearthed during the excavations of 1876. Carved from Chunar sandstone, the statue represents the dying Buddha reclining on his right side. An inscription below dates the statue to the fifth century.
   
 
Mathakuar Shrine: This shrine is about 400 yards from the Nirvana Stupa. A stone image of Lord Buddha in the 'Bhumi Sparsha Mudra' (earth touching posture) under the 'Bodhi tree' was excavated here. The inscription at the base of the statue dates it to 10th-11th century. Adjacent to this shrine, ruins of a monastery have also been discovered.
   
 
Ramabhar Stupa: About 1.5 km away from Mahaparinirvana Temple, this large Stupa rises to a height of 15 meters. It marks the site where the Lord Buddha was cremated. In ancient Buddhist texts, this Stupa has been referred to as 'Mukut-Bandhan Chaitya'.
   
  Chinese Temple: Here the special attraction is a beautiful statue of Lord Buddha.
   
 
Japanese Temple: A beautiful Ashta Dhatu (eight metal) statue of Lord Buddha which was brought from Japan, can be seen here.
   
 
Govt. Buddha Museum: The Buddha Museum contains finds from the site excavations at Kushinagar. Open: 10:00 am. to 5.00 pm. Weekly off : Monday
   
  Accessibility
 
Air: Kasia airstrip-5 Km, Gorakhpur Airport-46 Km, Amausi Airport, Lucknow-252 Km, Babatpur Airport, Varanasi-286 Km.
 
Rail: The Nearest railway stations are Deoria-35 Km and Gorakhpur- 53 km, which are linked with important destinations. Kushinagar does not has a Railway Station, one has to go up to Gorakhpur by train and from there reach Kushinagar by road.
 
Road: Situated on National Highway No. 28, with frequent bus services, Kushinagar is well connected with other parts of the state. Some major road distances are: Gorakhpur-53 km, Lumbini (Nepal)-170 km, Kapilastu-157 km, Sravasti-253 km, Sarnath 274 km.
   
  Accommodation
  • Hotel Nekko Lotus, (3 Star). Ph.: (05564) 273025-26
• International Guest House. Ph.: (05564) 273082
• Birla Hindu Buddha Dharmshala. Ph.: (05564) 273090
• Burmese Dharamshala. Ph.: (05564) 273105
• Hotel Royal Residecy, (3 Star). Ph.: (05564) 273011-15
• Hotel The Imperial, (3 Star). Ph.: (05564) 273096-97
• Linshon Chinese Rest House. Ph.: (05564) 273093
 
UP Tourism Accommodation: Pathik Niwas (UPSTDC), Kushinagar.
Ph.: 05564-273045, 273046, Fax: 05564-273045, E-mail: rahipathikniwas@up-toursim.com
   
  Srvasti
 
Sravasti, capital of the ancient Kosala kingdom is sacred to Buddhists because it is here that Lord Buddha performed the greatest of his miracles to confound the Tirthika heretics. These miracles include that of the Buddha creating multiple images of himself, hence forth has been among the favorite themes of Buddhist art. Sravasti was an active centre of Buddhism even in the Buddha’s lifetime. The Buddha himself spent many summers here, and delivered important sermons. It was here that Anathapindaka built, in the garden of Prince Jeta a large monastery for the reception of the Buddha. Later, several shrines and other monasteries arose at this sacred spot.
   
 
Sravasti has been identified with the remains at Saheth-Maheth on the borders of the Gonda and Bahraich districts. It is situated on the banks of the River Rapti. Srarvasti also claims the glory of being was born, brought up and attained enlightment. Jain devotee visit Sravasti, during the month of kartik (Oct - Nov).
   
  Place of Interest
 
Maheth: This covers an area of about 400 acres, and has been identified with the remains of the city proper. Excavations have exposed the massive gates of the city, ramparts and also the ruins of other structures which testify to the prosperity of ancient Sravasti. The Sobhanath Temple is located here. Pakki Kuti and Kacchi Kuti were probably Buddhist shrines before they were converted into Brahmanical temples.
   
 
Saheth: Saheth, covers an area of 32 acres, and lies about a quarter of a mile to the south-west of Maheth. This was the site of the Jetavana monastery. It became an important place of pilgrimage, adorned with numerous shrines, stupas and monasteries. The stupas belong mostly to the Kushana period, while the temples are in the Gupta style. The remains date from the Mauryan era (3rd century BC) to the 12th century AD. One of the earliest stupas, probably dating to the 3rd century BC contained relics of the Buddha. A colossal statue of the Buddha was also found here which is now preserved in the Indian Museum, Calcutta. The Emperor Ashoka visited Jetavana, and the Chinese pilgrim Hiuen-Tsang mentions two Ashokan pillars at Sravasti.
   
  Accessibility
 
Air: Nearest Airport is Lucknow-176 km, from where Sravasti can be reached by rail upto Balrampur via Gonda.
 
Rail: Nearest railway station is at Balrampur: 17 Km. The rest of the route can be covered by road.
 
Road: Bus services are available from all major neighboring centres. Sravasti is 119 km from Basti and 17 km from Balrampur.
   
  Accommodation
  • Inspection Bungalow, PWD.
• Burmese Temple Rest House.
• Chinese Temple Rest House.
• Jain Dharamshala.
 
UP Tourism Accommodation: Tourist Bungalow, Sravasti, Distt. Sravasti (Run by U.P State Tourism Development Corporation)
   
 
 
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